화요일, 7월 23, 2024
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House take a look at reveals the chance of coronary heart assault in 5 minutes


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Swedish researchers have created a questionnaire take a look at for residence use that shortly identifies excessive danger of coronary heart assault. A research exhibits that it has the identical degree of accuracy as blood exams and blood strain measurements.

The research, revealed within the Journal of the American Coronary heart Affiliation, makes use of information from the SCAPIS inhabitants research, which is predicated on the College of Gothenburg.

The research was led by Göran Bergström, Professor of Medical Physiology at Sahlgrenska Academy on the College of Gothenburg, senior doctor at Sahlgrenska College Hospital, and principal investigator for SCAPIS.

“A coronary heart assault usually comes out of the blue,” he says. “Lots of those that undergo coronary heart assaults are apparently wholesome and asymptomatic, however have fatty deposits within the coronary arteries, generally known as atherosclerosis. Our take a look at makes it doable to determine nearly two-thirds of individuals aged 50–64 who’ve vital coronary atherosclerosis and are due to this fact at excessive danger of heart problems.”

Algorithm identifies individuals in danger

The residence take a look at consists of 14 questions that take 5 to eight minutes to reply. These questions relate to elements together with age, gender, weight, waist circumference, smoking, hypertension, excessive blood fat, diabetes, and household historical past of heart problems.

In keeping with the research, by combining data from the responses in a particular algorithm, the house take a look at can detect 65% of people on the highest danger of heart problems.

“The outcomes present that our residence take a look at is as correct as a clinic examination utilizing blood exams and blood strain measurements,” continues Professor Bergström. “If we are able to make the take a look at broadly obtainable inside well being care, it could actually save lives and stop struggling by serving to us to determine those that are at excessive danger of coronary heart assault or who’re presently undertreated.”

Early warnings can save lives

The research is predicated on information from 25,000 people aged 50–64 included in SCAPIS. All members had their coronary arteries examined utilizing computed tomography, which gives a picture of the diploma of atherosclerosis.

By evaluating the pictures of the coronary heart with questionnaires accomplished by the members, the researchers have been capable of see which elements had the closest hyperlinks with the diploma of atherosclerosis. The analysis group has additionally launched research in Sweden and on information from the US, to guage how the take a look at works on totally different teams.

Figuring out individuals in danger earlier than illness happens is likely one of the major goals of the Swedish Coronary heart Lung Basis’s deal with SCAPIS. As the muse’s Secretary-Normal Kristina Sparreljung explains, “A take a look at that may present early warnings would save many lives and a substantial amount of struggling. The outcomes of Professor Bergström’s research are due to this fact extraordinarily attention-grabbing.”

Extra data:
Göran Bergström et al, Self‐Report Software for Identification of People With Coronary Atherosclerosis: The Swedish CardioPulmonary BioImage Examine, Journal of the American Coronary heart Affiliation (2024). DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.124.034603

Quotation:
House take a look at reveals the chance of coronary heart assault in 5 minutes (2024, July 3)
retrieved 3 July 2024
from https://medicalxpress.com/information/2024-07-home-reveals-heart-minutes.html

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